BIOL3350 Section Exam 1 Lesson Objectives

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Contents

Introduction and Fungal Folklore

What do fungi do that is beneficial to humans? What do they do that is harmful?

What were some commonly held ideas on where fairy rings came from?

What is the truth about fairy rings? What is the name of the mushroom found in fairy rings?

What is Fly Agaric? What is it's scientific name? What compounds are produced by this mushroom that causes intoxication?

How is Father Christmas associated with this mushroom (Fly Agaric)?

Name two mushrooms commonly used in witches' potions.

Name the fungus implicated in the Salem witchcraft trials.

How are fungi used in fold remedies?

What are truffles? Where can they be found? How do you know when they are mature and ready for harvesting?

Identification, Structure and Pseudofungi

Differentiate between eumycota and fungus-like organisms.

Differentiate between yeast and molds, be sure to include structure.

What characteristics contribute to fungi being ubiquitous?

What is the major characteristic that distinguishes fungus-like organisms (pseudofungi)from eumycota?

What are the three groups of pseudofungi? What are the characteristics of each group?

TERMS: fungi, mold, yeast, mycelium, hypha(e), sexual spores, asexual spores, thallus, YM shift, pseudohyphae, heterothallic, homothallic

Eumycota

How do fungi reproduce asexually? Describe the ways this can happen. What types of asexual spores can be produced?

Name and describe the types of sexual spores that can be produced.

List the characteristics of, and compare the Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota.

Describe the life cycles for the Zygomycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota.

Name at least one organism that is representative for each phyla, except Glomeromycota.

How is each phyla divided? Are there major groups for each phyla? What distinguishes those groups.

TERMS: perithecium, apothecium, cleistothecium, pseudothecium, ascus, basidium, suspensor cells, clamp connections, sporangium, conidium, mitospores

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